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Fashion Career Specializations – A Breakdown

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Coming straight from fashion school, you might be thinking that as a fashion designer; you’ll have the opportunity to work with all types of clothing. What you may not know is that generally, the fashion industry is split into categories, and then categories within categories. Basically, the fashion industry is very specialized. The breakdown begins with price (which usually corresponds with quality). The lowest classification is Discount, and at the height of fashion is Haute Couture:

  • Discount: These stores sell merchandise that retails at a discounted price from what other stores charge. Outlet malls or stores like Ross, Wal-Mart, Target, or Conway are example of discount retailers that sell discount labels.
  • Budget / Mass Market: Knock-offs of higher priced designer items that are sold at low competitive prices to the masses. Old Navy, Forever 21, and Charlotte Russe are a few popular budget labels. Department stores in this category include JC Penney, and Kohls. This market usually retails for less than $100.
  • Moderate: These include nationally advertised apparel brands such as Nine West, Gap, Abercrombie & Fitch, Express, and Zara are all in the moderate range. Examples of moderate department stores are Macy’s and Dillards. These brands typically retail for less than $300.
  • Contemporary: More than just a specific price point, this classification is a fashion-forward image often aimed at women in their ’20s and early ’30s looking for trendy fashions priced more affordably than Designer pieces. BCBG, Betsey Johnson, Bebe, and Rebecca Taylor fall into the Contemporary category, which usually retails for under $500.
  • Better: Also selling for less than $500, these collections use better quality fabric and styling than lower-priced brands. Armani Exchange, Jones New York and Anne Klein are two examples of a better-priced line.
  • Bridge: Priced under $1000, these lines serve as a “bridge” between better and designer categories. And includes
    names like Ellen Tracy, Dana Buchman, DKNY, Emporio Armani, and Lauren by Ralph Lauren.
  • Designer: True designer collections typically sell for more than $1000 per item. The fabrics, fit, details, and trims are superior to other ready-to-wear items. Some examples of designer labels are Gucci, Prada, Versace, Armani, and Chanel.
  • Haute Couture/ Avant-garde: Also know as couture, these terms have been commonly misused by ready-to-wear brands. Haute Couture, or simply “couture” designers sell custom, made-to-measure pieces cost tens of thousands of dollars and are affordable only to a select few. Technically speaking, there are only ten official Haute Couture Houses including: Christian Dior, Jean Paul Gaultier, Chanel, and Givenchy. Avant-garde designers produce high quality, one-of-a-kind garments that experiment with new design concepts and push the envelope of popular fashion.

Even within the categories listed above, each market is broken down into more specific specializations. First, design companies are broken down by customer: men’s, women’s, children’s etc. Then are further divided by type of clothing: sportswear, evening wear (special occasion), sleepwear etc. And then design teams are designated to specific areas like Wovens, Knits, Sweaters, Tops, Bottoms, Dresses, Outerwear and so on.

On an unfortunate note, it is very difficult to move from one category to another. If you start building your career with mass-market companies, you’ll face some barriers when you apply for that dream job at Ralph Lauren. The same goes for designer specialties. If you’re experienced working with children’s woven tops, chances are you won’t land a position designing women’s dresses. If you’re absolutely determined on making a switch, you’re best bet is to start from the bottom in your desired field and work your way up again.

Something else to consider is the different types of manufacturers and retailers out there. Some manufacturers design and produce their own designs, which are then sold to retailers. These manufacturers don’t have their own retail stores. Examples include Shoshanna, Jones New York and Carmen Marc Valvo. There are also manufacturers that own licenses for a variety of brands. For example, Warnaco holds licenses for Calvin Klein, Speedo, and Chaps; while Phillips Van Heusen (PVH) owns licenses for BCBG, Sean Jean, and Kenneth Cole.

Then, there are retailers that only sell merchandise purchased from manufacturers. These include stores like Bloomingdales and Neiman Marcus. Many manufacturers also have their own retail locations such as Polo Ralph Lauren, Armani Exchange and Nicole Miller. Other retail stores have their own product development teams and have merchandise manufactured specifically for their private label such as Gap, Old Navy, and Express. In addition to purchasing merchandise from outside manufacturers, many department stores also have their own private label collections. Examples are: I.N.C. (Macy’s), and Arizona Jeans (JC Penney).

The largest employment opportunities out there lie with mass-market companies, which often pay pretty well to start, however these figures usually level-off after a few years of experience. The higher end markets pay less to start, and work hours are longer, but the prestige you’ll receive from such reputable companies will do wonders for your resume!



Source by Natalie Nizhny

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Billie Eilish Says She Lost 100,000 Followers, After Her Breasts Became More Visible -“People Are Scared Of Big Boobs”

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Billie Eilish has been one of the biggest artists in the world, as she’s only 19-years-old. This summer, she released her sophomore album, “Happier Than Ever,” as it became her second consecutive number one. This was led by hit singles such as “Your Power,” “My Future,” and “Therefore I Am.” A tour for this album, will also happen, in February 2022.

In a new interview with Elle for an October 2021 cover story, Eilish gave some very interesting information, regarding her Instagram followers. She revealed that she lost 100,000 IG followers, when she started showing more skin, and her breasts were able to be seen more. Eilish believes that for some reason, people are scared of “big boobs.”

Eilish usually wears bigger clothes, but she is down to wear clothing such as tank tops, especially on a hot day. She went on to shut down the notion that she’s trying to be more sexy, as she simply wants to wear what she’s in the mood to.

“The other day, I decided to wear a tank top,. It wasn’t even a provocative shirt. But I know people are going to say, ‘Holy f**k, she’s dressing sexy and trying to make a statement.’ And I’m like, ‘No, I’m not. It’s 500 degrees and I just want to wear a tank top.’”

Eilish is also making big plays outside of music lately. On September 30, her own Jordan collaboration sneakers will be available for purchase, which are the Jordan 1 “Ghost Green,” and a Jordsan 15 with displays a beige color.



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Jazz Shoes and Dance Sneakers – The Differences

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Both jazz shoes and dance sneakers are highly versatile styles of dance shoe though they each serve a different purpose. Jazz shoes are designed primarily for jazz dancing though they are suitable for many other styles such as rock ‘n’ roll and modern amongst others. Dance sneakers are also very flexible but are designed to provide more support to the foot. They’re also used for many styles but are particularly popular for break dancing, hip hop and street dance.

The most striking difference between a jazz shoe and a dance sneaker is the appearance of the upper. A jazz shoe upper is usually made from very supple leather very similar to the type used to make soft ballet shoes. This allows the shoe to fit the foot almost like a second skin enabling great freedom of movement for the foot. Dance sneakers have a far more rigid upper which has a similar appearance to a sports trainer making them particularly popular for urban and street dance.

The sole of a jazz shoe has many differences but also shares some similarities with the sole of a dance sneaker. Most jazz shoes are available with either a full sole or split sole whereas dance sneakers always have a split sole. This is in order to offer the foot more freedom of movement whilst still offering adequate support. Dance sneakers also often feature smooth spots on the soles to make spinning easier, or notches in the heel to make it easier for a dancer to lift their partner. On the other hand, the soles of both types of dance shoes offer shock absorption and are non-marking.

There is a wide range of jazz shoes and dance sneakers available on the market from many major dance brands such as Capezio, Bloch, and Dance Gear. Some of the most popular jazz shoes include varieties of the leather split sole, and some of the most popular dance sneakers include the Capezio Web Dansneaker and Bloch Boost Dansneaker.

If you’re buying your first pair or if you’re not sure what size to choose, it’s a good idea to get them fitted at a local dance shop. However, if you’re confident that you know what size and style you want to purchase then you’ll find much more competitively priced dance shoes online. However, before you purchase make sure that the online dance wear retailer that you choose has a secure payment gateway and fair terms and conditions as well to ensure that you get the best possible service. It’s also a good idea to check out their privacy policy too to check that they won’t share your personal details with anybody else.



Source by Ian James Evans

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Drakeo The Ruler – “IngleWEIRD” [VIDEO]

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Drakeo The Ruler releases the music video for his single, “IngleWEIRD.” In 2021, Drakeo The Ruler has had a dominant run, frequently doing millions of views on his video. To begin this month, Drakeo The Ruler dropped this visual.



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